An abstract of thesis or dissertation is a summary of a research study or paper. It provides a very brief overview of your systematic investigation. In a nutshell, it serves as a preview of the larger document.
How to write an abstract for dissertation
An abstract in dissertation is typically found at the beginning of your dissertation and provides the reader with an intellectual overview of your work without excessive detail. This implies that when an individual reads an abstract of Ph.D. dissertation, they should understand the purpose of your coordinated investigation. They should also get an idea of your research objectives and key results and proffer solutions to address the problem(s).
So, how long should your abstract be to cover all of these points? Typically, 6-7 sentences of 150-300 words should suffice. In reality, you don’t need many words to capture key information in your abstract.
What is in an abstract?
An abstract should have five major parts, which are as follows:
- Dissertation statement
5 Helpful tips for writing an abstract for a dissertation
Condensing your entire work into a few hundred words can be difficult, but the abstract will be the first (and sometimes only) part that people read, so you must get it right. These abstract tips can help you get started:
· Read other abstracts
Reading other people’s abstracts is the best way to learn how to write an abstract in your discipline. You’ve probably already read a lot of published paper abstracts while conducting your literature review; try using them as a structure and style template. There is also numerous dissertation abstract examples available in thesis and dissertation databases.
· Reverse outline
Not every abstract will have the same variables. You can write abstracts of the thesis in reverse outline mode since it is long writing.
Create a list of keywords for each section or paragraph and write one to two sentences summarizing the main point or argument. Revise the sentences to show how the argument develops and to make connections. This will provide you with a framework for the structure of the abstract in dissertation.
· Check your formatting
There are often specific formatting requirements for writing an abstract for a dissertation. For example, the APA abstract format can be used for APA research papers. Ensure to run through the guidelines and format your work accordingly.
· Write clearly and concisely
An ideal abstract is brief but powerful, so every word counts. Each sentence should engage one main point clearly.
5 Things to avoid when writing a short and clear abstract
Writing an abstract isn’t as hard as most people portray it. However, making mistakes is easy, especially if it’s your first time. Here are some things you should avoid when writing an abstract:
- Avoid passive words or phrases: passive sentences are usually much too long. You can automatically make them shorter and clearer by writing in an active voice.
- Avoid using long sentences: replace longer expressions with shorter expressions or single words (e.g., “in order to” for “To”).
- Avoid ambiguous terms: the abstract should be understandable to readers unfamiliar with your subject.
- Avoid redundant and filler words: when possible, replace nouns with pronouns and cut out unnecessary words.
- Avoid detailed descriptions: an abstract of thesis or dissertation should not include detailed definitions, general knowledge, or discussions of the work of other researchers. Include this information in the body of your dissertation instead.
A typical dissertation will encourage why a new theory is needed and introduce the fresh theory. It will also persuade the reader that it can be applied to their problems and assess how well it worked. The result must be a significant, unique contribution to scientific knowledge. You can look up abstract examples dissertations online.
Writing an abstract denotes your formal acceptance into the academic community. Treat it as an opportunity to make an impact, not as a 900-page-long memorial to your grad student life.